The Guide That Makes Understanding Antennas and Transmitters Simple

If you’re just entering the world of antennas and transmitters, then you might not know that an HDTV antenna has a superior and stronger broadcast than both cable and satellite. It can also complement your cable or satellite subscription.

While it’s easy to think that all radio electronics are the same, there are distinct differences. Understanding these differences might seem overwhelming, but there’s hope.

This article will take a look at understanding antennas and transmitters. Read on to explore more about these to better understand how beneficial they are in day-to-day life.

How Do Antennas Work?

If you use a satellite phone that can receive and send video-telephone calls anywhere using a satellite, you’re using signals that pass through the satellite. This is an antenna, but keep in mind that receivers and transmitters often look different. To save money, you can consider buying a refurbished transmitter.

Antennas work by using a radio wave, an application of a voltage to the antenna for electromagnetic fields, and the desired voltage into the receiver. The antenna can pick up programs, pictures, sounds, and convert them in the first stage.

Next, the electrical energy is transformed into radio waves. A voltage is then applied to the waves depending on your desired travel distance. In the third stage, the radio waves are converted into electrical currents.


When it comes to radio electronics, you have electromagnetic disturbances. When you have a current that passes along a wire, a magnetic field will be produced around that wire.

Wi-Fi transmitters have a current that goes out onto the copper wire inside of the antenna. It’s unattached on one side and grounded on the other.

When it’s grounded, that means that the signal will dissipate. The charge on the wire will create a force that generates a radio wave.


There are ripples from radio waves. These ripples are what keep transmitters at a regular rhythm. This is what’s known as a frequency.

The frequency is defined as the number of waves that are emitted per second. It’s measured in hertz.


Since Wi-Fi transmitters generate a carrier wave, this is a standard wave that’s located at the system’s frequency. Your Wi-Fi converts computer data into an electronic pulse. It also has a waveform.

When this occurs, it merges the data wave with the carrier wave. This makes transportation possible. When the receiving network receives the wave, it deducts the carrier wave and converts the recovered data into binary data.

The Properties of Antennas

The gain is the amount by which it boosts the signal of your antenna. TVs can have a poor signal even when they don’t have an antenna plugged in.


The different components and metal case act as a basic antenna. If you incorporate a directional antenna then you’ll have a much better signal. Gain is measured in decibels, the bigger the gain is, the better your reception is.


In order to get a clear picture on your TV, the best antennas of your choosing must be mounted on your home properly. They also must face the correct way.

The antenna inside of a radio is directional. This is because you’ll need to move your radio around until it can pick up a signal.

They help reduce interference from other signals or stations in the area. Directionality doesn’t work for all devices, for example, cell phones.


The bandwidth is the range of frequencies where it works effectively. The broader the width is, the greater the range will be.

It isn’t useful for cell phones, satellites, or telephones since they need a specific radio wave transmission. They’re useful for televisions.

Radio Transmitters

In a radio transmitter, you have an oscillator that creates alternating currents at the frequency at which transmission will occur. It generates a carrier wave. The power supply will give you the necessary electrical power to operate the transmitter.

Your antenna will convert the signal to radio waves. The modulator will add information to the carrier wave.

Frequency modulation makes decreases or increases to the frequency of the carrier wave. The amplitude modulation decreases or increases its intensity.

Simple Transmitters

A battery sends electricity through a wire if you have the wire connected between the terminals of the battery. The moving electrons then make a magnetic field that surrounds the wire.

Transmitting Information

If you have a transmitter and sine wave then you have a radio station. In order to make it work, you’ll need to modulate the wave.

The picture part of a TV and the AM radio stations use amplitude modulation. This is where the sine wave changes.

For pulse modulation, you’re turning the sine wave on and off. It’s a way to send morse code as well. It’s not common but you can think of radio systems that send signals to radio-controlled clocks.

Frequency modulation is your FM radio station and other wireless technologies. It often doesn’t contain static.

The sine wave changes based on the goal of the information. When you modulate a sine wave with information, that’s when you can transmit it.

Better Understanding Antennas and Transmitters

Now that you’ve explored this guide on antennas and transmitters, you should have a better idea of how they work. Take your time picking out the right transmitters and antennas for your needs.

Would you like to better understand other technology and tools? We can help!

Check out our other articles today. From helpful guides to informative how-tos, we have you covered.