Over 7.1 million worth of US properties were damaged by hail in 2019.
Like any other severe weather, hail wreaks havoc on not just a home’s roof but the exterior wall, siding, shrubs, trees, and so much more. As we might imagine, it can threaten the home’s overall health and be costly to fix.
So what are the telltale signs of hail damage on a house? Let’s take a look.
What is Hail
Hail is a form of solid precipitation that falls from the sky in the form of balls or irregular lumps of ice. Hailstones can range in size from tiny pellets to large hailstones weighing over a pound. They form when strong winds blow water droplets into the upper atmosphere, where they freeze into balls of ice.
As they fall, they can grow in size as they collect more water droplets. When they’re large enough, they can cause damage to property, crops, and vehicles. The signs of hail damage on a house can include damaged shingles, holes in the roof, and broken windows. In severe cases, hail can cause the roof to collapse.
Signs of Hail Damage to Different Parts of Our Home
There are a few key signs of hail damage on a house. They can cause more severe problems if not repaired promptly. Here are some of the things you need to know:
Roof damage from hail will involve dents on the roof surface. It is a sure sign that the hail was big enough to cause damage.
Another sign is if you notice any granules of the roofing material in the gutters. The storm was so strong that it knocked the granules off the roof shingles.
If you see any cracks in the shingles, that is another sign that hail has hit your roof. The best way to know if you have a weather-damaged roof is to have a professional roofer come out and inspect it. Hail damage can lead to severe problems like water damage or even mold growth if left untreated.
Hail damage to siding can range from minor dents to large holes. The most obvious sign of hail damage is a dent in the siding. However, there may also be cracks or even holes.
Another is if the paint or protective coating on the siding is chipped or damaged. If the home damage is severe, you may need a new siding.
One sign is if there are any cracks or chips in the glass. Another sign is a bent window frame or if there are visible damages. If the glass is shattered or broken, that is also a sign of hail damage.
Fractures in our window panes can lead to air and moisture seeping through our home. The consequences of these damages can lead to higher heating and cooling costs.
Gutters can be dented, crushed, or broken by hail. This weather damage can cause water to leak into the home. In severe cases, hail damage to gutters can lead to structural damage to the house.
Damage to Your AC Unit
If you have an AC unit, hail damage can manifest as bent or broken fins on the unit’s condenser coils. These fins are crucial for proper heat transfer, so damage can adversely affect the AC unit’s efficiency. If you suspect hail damage to your AC unit, it’s best to have a professional inspect the damage and make repairs as necessary.
If you have a deck, look for things like splintering or cracks in the wood or railing that is loose or broken. If the paint or finish on your deck has been damaged, that’s another sign. If there are holes in the wood, that’s a clear indication that hail has been pelting it.
Effects of Hail Damage to Your Roof
The effects can differ depending on various factors. Homeowners should know about these effects to determine the urgency needed in making repairs. Here are the things you need to know:
It can occur when the hail hits the shingles on the roof and knocks off the protective granules. Without these granules, the shingles are exposed to the elements and will degrade much faster.
If you inspect your roof after a hail storm and see any bald spots where the granules have been knocked off, it’s a good idea to have a roofer look. There may be other damage that is not as obvious, and they can help you determine if you need repairs or replacement in your roofing.
It is usually caused by hailstone impact, which can break or crack the protective top layer of the shingle. In some cases, the hailstone may penetrate the shingle and cause damage to the underlying layers.
Weakened Self-Seal Strip
You can find this strip around the roof’s perimeter, preventing water from seeping into the house. Self-seal strip damage will look like it’s visibly battered and may be missing chunks.
It is the plastic or rubber material that helps to seal your shingles together. If there is damage on the strip, it can cause your shingles to come apart or crack, which leads to leaks.
Fractured Fiberglass Mat
It is a thin, fibrous material to reinforce shingles and other types of roofing. Hail hitting a shingle can weaken the mat and cause it to crack. It can lead to leaks and different kinds of damage.
Hail Damage Depending on Its Size
The size of hail damage on a house can differ depending on the size of the hail itself. The hail might leave dents or scratches on the home’s siding or roof if the hail is small. If the hail is large, it can cause much more significant damage, such as breaking windows or punching holes in the covering of your home.
Here is a list of damages caused depending on the size of the hail:
3/4 Inch Hail
It may be the smallest hail measured, but it can still be damaging depending on the wind speed. A 3/4 inch hail can damage window screens, vinyl siding, and the paint of your deck.
Hail of this size can be hard to detect. Getting an inspection service can give you more details on what happened to your property.
1 Inch Hail
This size can already bruise shingles and damage gutters, fascia, and sidings. You may also see small holes in soft parts of your property.
1 1/4 Inch Hail
With only a slight increase, the damage can become more significant. Hail of this size can make certain parts of your home look like a piece of Swiss cheese. Even if there are no strong winds, a 1 1/4 inch-sized hail can still cause damage by falling from the sky.
1 1/2 Inch Hail
The damage to your property is going to be significant. If the storm lasts for an extended period and there are strong winds, the damage can be much more severe.
1 3/4 Inch Hail
This size can penetrate soft parts in your roof. It can make holes in your ridge caps or plastic roof vents. The damage will involve torn siding, cracked windows, and even injuries to metal fixtures.
2 Inch Hail
Anything above this size will indeed cause severe damage to your property. The best thing you can do after the storm is to assess the damage and call your insurance company. Get a residential roofing company to have the repairs done as soon as possible.
How to Minimize Hail Damage
To minimize hail damage, you can install impact-resistant windows and shutters and make sure your gutters and downspouts are in good repair. You should keep trees and shrubs trimmed away from your home and consider installing a hail-resistant roof.
Stay on top of your home maintenance so that its condition can be more durable in times of severe weather conditions. Small cracks or damages in your roofing can become much more prominent if there is more exposure to a hail storm.
Protect Your Home from Further Damage
There are times when hail damage to a house can be challenging to spot, but there are a few signs to look for. You must call a professional to inspect your home for hail damage if you see any of these signs. Don’t wait to check your home after a hail storm, the sooner you do, the better your chance of catching any damage and repairing it.
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Table of Content
- 1 What is Hail
- 2 Signs of Hail Damage to Different Parts of Our Home
- 3 Effects of Hail Damage to Your Roof
- 4 Hail Damage Depending on Its Size
- 5 How to Minimize Hail Damage
- 6 Protect Your Home from Further Damage