More than half of all residential energy use goes toward heating and air conditioning systems on average. In the colder months, it’s very important to have a home heating system that you can rely on.
There are many different types of heating systems that use different amounts of energy and are powered by different fuels. Trying to pick the best heating system can be overwhelming.
You may be choosing a heating system for the first time, or unhappy with your current system. In either case, we’ve got you covered. Read on to learn everything you need to know about the different types of heating systems!
Forced air systems work exactly how they sound. There is a large central heating element or furnace that generates hot air. A powerful fan then forces this air into your air ducts, and this sends hot air out of your vents.
Different kinds of fuel can power forced-air heating systems, including electricity, natural gas, or even oil.
Most houses and apartments in North America use forced-air heating systems. While they have some disadvantages, they are a good all-around choice for heating a house.
Radiant heat systems send hot water from a boiler to a radiator. These residential heating systems are more commonly seen in older homes and in Europe. There are three types of radiant heat systems: traditional, baseboard, and in-floor radiator systems.
Traditional radiators are large cast-iron units that radiate heat from the hot water being pumped into them. Baseboard radiators are a more modern solution that uses a discrete unit that runs along your baseboard.
In-floor systems are a bit more specialized radiant heat systems and tend to be the most expensive to install. These systems run hot water through pipes located just underneath the floor. There are also some electric in-floor systems that run current through wires to heat your floors.
Like forced air systems, the fuel used can vary. It depends on how your boiler heats up the water, which may involve electricity, natural gas, or propane. Some particularly old units may even use coal as a fuel source.
Heat pumps are one of the more modern ways of heating a home. They use very little fuel when compared to other systems, which makes them cost-effective, and make less noise than other systems. However, these systems are not effective against extreme temperatures, so they aren’t recommended for very cold locations.
Heat pump systems extract thermal energy from the air outside or sometimes from water or deep underground. During installation, a heat pump technician doesn’t have to install ductwork like with other systems.
Almost all heat pump systems are powered by electricity, but some models do use natural gas.
Use Your Knowledge About the Types of Heating Systems
Now you have the knowledge you need to make informed decisions about different types of heating systems. Weigh the pros and cons of each system carefully before you make a choice.
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