The main objective of Occupational Therapy is to train people in such a way that they can participate in the basic activities of their daily life (ABVD). How does it improve the mental health of the patient?
Occupational Therapy is a profession in the health area where professionals fulfill the function of rehabilitating, supporting and advising the patient —as well as his family and closest environment— when he needs to readjust his life due to any pathology or functional diversity.
At the moment in which the diagnosis is conducted in a patient with Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s or who, for example, has suffered a stroke, both the person and the family in their immediate environment find themselves in the situation of not knowing how to cope with new reality.
Occupational Therapy helps the person and their family during the adaptive process, acting as a guide in the redefinition of daily activities taking into account the new situation, physical or cognitive, of the patient. In this way, empowerment is used to make them feel capable of carrying out the basic activities of daily life on their own or by improving their quality of life to the maximum, promoting their self-confidence and self-esteem. If you are looking for occupational therapy in Denver for your office colleague or staff, request for Antibody Tests if needed.
In addition, Occupational Therapy professionals offer advice and training to act preventively against certain pathologies, such as senile dementia.
Types of occupational therapy
The benefits of occupational therapy can be achieved through the application of any of the following types of occupational therapy.
It is a type of therapy through work that consists of performing different manual activities such as painting, carving, weaving, tailoring, wicker, gardening, among others.
The workshops ergoterapia allow developing manual skills, motor skills and improve self – esteem of the patient, who can get an idea of the meaning of their work and feel needed by this form of therapy.
Ergotherapy can discover the potential of these people to carry out a certain type of craft work and, in some cases, provide the opportunity for real employment and independence.
It is therapy through group or social meetings, that is, through games, games with other participants and activities aimed at developing interpersonal skills.
It is therapy through contact with beautiful environments and objects, such as visiting a museum, walking, going to the theater, cinema, philharmonic hall.
This therapy allows the patient to come into contact with the environment, activating it through visual and aesthetic stimuli related to contact with nature.
It is therapy through movement such as gymnastics, team games, dance and walking among others.
It is therapy with relaxation techniques, its main objective is to reduce nervous tension, relieve stress symptoms and eliminate anxiety.
Regarding the benefits of this discipline, the following stand out:
- The promotion of the quality of life of patients and their well-being.
- Promotion of autonomy and personal acceptance. Through empowerment, the patient assimilates the new reality and adapts to it.
- Reintegration in the social and family environment. The patient, in addition to facing the new way of carrying out their daily tasks, also has to learn to socialize and relate to their closest circle, and this will assume their new needs.
- Skills promotion. Through different activities – such as working memory, communication or psychomotor skills – cognitive and physical improvements are achieved that will help the patient in his adaptive process, this will also influence his perception of himself, reasoning and even resolution from problems.
The importance of the psychologist in the field of mental health
The role of Psychology professionals in this field focuses its main objective on conducting psychotherapies, psychodiagnostics, evaluations and expert opinions. The main function they perform is to provide a space for integration that serves as a conduit between the biopsychosocial model, focused on family health, and the view of interventions aimed at providing support and treatment for specific pathologies – for example, in the face of a problem of addictions or neurodegenerative diseases– as well as the problems that derive from them.
The therapist is in charge of planning and adjusting the intervention through a follow-up plan, accompanying the patient throughout the process until recovery. In the first place, addressing the identification of the conflicts that have led to their current situation, for example, the worsening of their health. Subsequently, how this has influenced your daily life.
Psychotherapy is a tool that helps to dialogue about the topic of interest on which the patient demands attention, where active listening, empathy and patient and professional alliance are worked to find solutions or relief from the conflictive situation that leads him to request help.
To achieve holistic care and the maximum well-being of the patient, the intervention is carried out with interdisciplinary teams, that is, where occupational therapists and psychologists, as well as professionals from other disciplines, can contribute their vision.